Friday, July 2, 2010

CPR Infant, CPR Child

CPR is an abbreviation of Cardiopulmonary resuscitation. It is the process of giving breath to the person whose heartbeats or breathing has been blocked. This process is also called as the life saving process. It consists of two components called as chest compression and mouth to mouth ventilation. The aim is to provide breath for the victim.

CPR can be conducted if the infant drowns, chokes, suffocates or has some injuries. If due to any reason the blood flow stops, death can take place. In such cases of blood flow, in order to avoid death, one should continue the above process of CPR till some medical help arrives.

Rescue breathing provides oxygen to the infant. Hands-only is also a useful process which helps to save the life of the victim.

Those who take care of CPR child or infant should know the following.

Here are some causes of giving CPR to the infant.

· If the blood flows to a large extent in case of any injury

· In case of drowning

· If a child gets an electric shock

· If an infant has any kind of heart disease

· If a child gets suffocated

· If a child gets poisoned

· If the breathing system of an infant gets blocked or choked due to the some reasons

How to apply the CPR on a child

· First check for the responsiveness of the CPR infant. For this, you can move the child for knowing whether it is giving any response

· If you find that the child is not giving any response, then you can shout for help. You can dial 911 for help, but do not leave the child till you give two minutes of CPR

· Put the infant on his or her back. Note, that the infant may have spinal injury. Try to open the airways by tilting the infants head backwards. Try to hear the breathing of the infant by putting the ear on it’s mouth. If you don’t find him or her breathing just give two breaths to the child

· Give two breaths to the infant and see whether the chest is performing or not. Remove your mouth after giving breathing so that the child can release the air. After that give air one more time. So, the breath flow will start continuously

· Furthermore, give the child chest compression. Put your fingers between the nipples if the child. Push the chest straight down. Perform it thirty times almost twice per second

· After this, give two breaths to the child. Continue this process for two minutes.

· Repeat the process of thirty compressions and two breaths for two minutes and call for the medical help by dialing 911

Some tips on CPR process

· You can put something like a book or notebook below the head for keeping the child’s head tilted back

· Use CPR mask while giving rescue breathing

· When you request someone to dial 911, tell this person the existing situation, so the person can tell the dispatcher. Now, the dispatcher may tell this person some instructions regarding the rescue process

The above process of giving CPR may save the life of CPR infant. Just keep in mind while performing the process to do it properly and perfectly.

Sunday, May 2, 2010

Cardiopulmonary resuscitation

Cardiopulmonary resuscitation or CPR is a technique to revive a victim suffering from cardiac arrest or respiratory problems. This procedure is done in hospitals as well as out side. CPR is a method to create artificial air and blood circulation by applying rhythmic pumps on the chest called chest compressions and exhaling into the victim’s mouth.
To be able to perform CPR one has to undergo CPR training. The training involves classes, which train you to intervene when a victim has lost consciousness, due to heart attack. These classes are followed by certification of the person gone through this training that certifies him/her to perform CPR.
To get certified in CPR, you have to go through two types of tests after you have completed your CPR course. This involves two tests- written and skill test. In the written test you are asked to answer a few questions based on the CPR procedure and protocols to ensure that you know how to perform and when to perform CPR. The skill test is the practical test, wherein they give you a situation and you are supposed to show them how to revive the victim. The resuscitation is done on a specially designed CPR manikin.
To make sure that the same effective procedure is applied everywhere in the world, the American Heart Association sets the CPR guidelines, which decide the CPR steps to be performed on a victim. Till 2005 the CPR steps in the CPR guidelines included:
Call 911 emergency
Check if the victim is conscious or not
Give two full breaths to the victim
Give 30 chest compressions
The latest CPR guidelines were updated in 2010, which enable the bystanders who are not willing to give the mouth-to-mouth respiration, to omit that step and just give the victim the chest compressions. This also allows the common man who is not trained in CPR to help revive a victim of cardiac arrest.